Pindad APS-3

Rabu, 21 Juli 2010


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Pindad APS-3 "Anoa" 6x6
Panser side left.JPG
Pindad Panser Anoa on display. Its AGL mount is publicly seen
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin Indonesia Indonesia
Service history
Used by Indonesia
Production history
Designer PT Pindad
Designed 2006
Manufacturer PT Pindad
Produced 2006
Number built 150
Specifications
Weight 11 tonnes, 14 tons (combat)
Length 6 m
Width 2.5 m
Height 2.5 m / 2.9 m (FSV variant)
Crew 3 + 10 passengers

Armor Monocoque Armoured, STANAG 4569 level 3
Primary
armament
12.7 mm MG, CIS 40 AGL
Secondary
armament
2x3 66 mm smoke grenade launcher
Engine Renault MIDR 062045 inline 6 cylinder turbo-charged diesel, Behr cooling pack
320Hp, 2500 Rpm
Power/weight 22,85 HP/ton
Transmission Automatic, ZF S6HP502, 6 forward, 1 reverse
Suspension Independent suspension, torsion bar
Ground clearance 40 cm
Fuel capacity 200 litres
Operational
range
600 km
Speed 90 km/h

The APS-3 "Anoa" (Indonesian: Angkut Personel Sedang) is a 6x6 armoured personnel carrier developed by PT Pindad of Indonesia. The APS-3 is named after the Anoa, which is a type of buffalo indigenous to Indonesia. The prototype was first unveiled at the 61st anniversary of TNI on October 5, 2006 in TNI HQ at Cilangkap, south of capital Jakarta.[1][2]

Contents

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[edit] History

The Pindad APS-3 had been officially unveiled to the public at the Indo Defence & Aerospace 2008 exhibition on November 19, 2008[3] to November 22, 2008[4] after being shown in a TNI parade on October 5, 2008.[5] On August 30, 2008, 10 APS-3's have been produced[6] with the plan of having 150 vehicles to be produced for the Indonesian Army[7][8] in time for their first deployment in 2009.[9] 20 of the Pansers were handed over to the Indonesian government through the Defense Ministry, part of a deal from the initial 150 vehicles to 40 due to the economic crisis.[10] 40 Pansers were delivered as part of PT Pindad's commitment to the total delivery of 154 Pansers.[11] 33 Pansers were eventually submitted to the Ministry of Defence on January 13, 2010.[12] Pindad had received loans from state-owned Bank Mandiri, Bank BNI 46 and Bank BRI as part of payments for the manufacture of the Pansers.[10]

[edit] Development

The development history of the Pindad Panser was started in 2003 as a result of increased military intervention in the Aceh province. During the conflict, the Indonesian Army put forward urgent requirements for an armored personnel carrier for the transport of troops.

PT Pindad responded to this requirement in 2004, with the APR-1V (Angkut Personel Ringan)[13] a 4x4 armored vehicle based on a commercial Izuzu truck chassis. 14 vehicles were built by Pindad and were sent to Aceh for evaluation and combat trials. However, the follow-on orders for another 26 vehicles were canceled following the 2004 tsunami.

Pindad continued the APC development program with assistance from the Agency For Assessment and Application of Technology or BPPT in 2005.[14] The next prototype was the APS-1 (Angkut Personel Sedang), a 6x6 design that was again based on a commercial Perkasa truck platform by PT Texmaco.[15] Although it was not selected for production, the experience gained in developing the APS-1 convinced the Indonesian Army to give the go-ahead by Pindad to develop the next generation of Panser vehicles, the APS-2 at a production cost of 600 million rupiah or US$60,000 each.

[edit] Design

The APS-3 differed from its predecessors which had been based on commercial truck platforms. Instead, the "Anoa" used a monocoque hull design consisting of armor steel. A new torsion bar suspension system was also developed for the Panser. Currently, the engine and transmission are imported from Renault. Indigenous options are being developed as replacements. The driver sits on the right of the vehicle while the vehicle commander sits on the left.

[edit] Armament

The baseline vehicle is fitted with a cupola on the left of the vehicle and armed with a 12.7mm (.50 cal) heavy machine gun or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. A fire-support version using a CMI Defence's CSE-90 turret with the Cockerill 90 mm Mk III was unveiled at Indo Defence & Aerospace 2008,[16] which was announced that the APS-3 fire-support version would be deployed into the Indonesian Army by 2010.[17]

[edit] Variants

The following variants are to be produced by PT Pindad:[18][19]

  • APC
  • Fire Support
  • Ambulance
  • Command
  • Logistics
  • Armored Recovery
  • Reconnaissance/Surveillance
  • Mortar Carrier

[edit] Operators

  • Indonesia: 150 6x6 variants and 4 4x4 variants under construction for the Indonesian Army by 2008 - 2010.[7][20] A recent news article from PT Pindad suggests a total of 154 Pansers are to be delivered.[11] Anoa 6x6 is being used by Indonesian Army for UNIFIL in Lebanon to replace VAB [21]


[edit] Possible operators

  • Oman: Unconfirmed reports of 200 units ordered.[22]
  • Malaysia: Being offered for Malaysian Battalion (Malbatt) Lebanon peacekeeping requirements. Up to 30 may be acquired.[23] A Pindad report indicated 32 Pansers are being prepared for Malbatt.[12] Six have been ordered to replace Condors in service in Lebanon.
  • Nepal: Nepal was reported to have shown interest for 28 6x 6 versions of the Panser for its UN peacekeeping missions.[25]

[edit] Gallery

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ "Panser 6x6 Pindad" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Angkasa. 2006-10-06. http://www.angkasa-online.com/public/news/0610/344.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  2. ^ "Menhan: Pengadaan Panser VAB Dikurangi" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Antara News. 2009-02-17. http://www.antara.co.id/view/?i=1234865893&c=NAS&s=. Retrieved 2009-11-03.
  3. ^ "Wapres Jusuf Kalla Buka Indo Defence 2008" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Angkasa. 2008-11-19. http://www.angkasa-online.com/read/news/781/wapres.jusuf.kalla.buka.indo.defence.2008. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  4. ^ "Panser Anoa Tipe Apc Unjuk Kebolehan Di Pameran Indo Defence 2008" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Tentara Nasional Indonesia. 2008-11-21. http://www.tni.mil.id/news.php?q=dtl&id=113012006120380. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  5. ^ "JK: Panser TNI Bukan untuk Parade" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Okezone. 2008-08-29. http://news.okezone.com/index.php/ReadStory/2008/08/29/1/141143. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  6. ^ "Pindad Teracam Gagal Penuhi Pesanan Panser TNI" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Kontan. 2008-08-30. http://kontan.realviewusa.com/default.aspx?iid=7064&startpage=page0000002&xml=kontan.xml. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  7. ^ a b "Pindad Optimistis Selesaikan 20 Panser Pesanan TNI" (in Bahasa Indonesia). 2008-06-17. http://www.antara.co.id/arc/2008/6/17/pindad-optimistis-selesaikan-20-panser-pesanan-tni/. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  8. ^ "105 Kendaraan Tempur TNI AL Tak Layak" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Okezone. 2008-02-08. http://news.okezone.com/index.php/ReadStory/2008/02/08/1/81905. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
  9. ^ "TNI Pesan 150 Unit Panser Di PT.Pindad" (in Bahasa Indonesia). PAB Online. 2008-08-31. http://pab-indonesia.com/web/content/view/17705/9/. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  10. ^ a b "Indonesia’s Pindad Makes Panser APC Delivery". 2009-03-03. http://asiadefence.wordpress.com/2009/03/03/indonesias-pindad-makes-panser-apc-delivery/. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
  11. ^ a b "PINDAD DELIVERS 40 UNITS OF 6x6 ARMOURED PERSONNEL CARRIER TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE". PT Pindad. 2009-08. http://pindad.com/news800.php?bahasa=2&varkdnews=N00009. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  12. ^ a b "PINDAD SUBMIT 33 PANZERS APC-2 6X6 TO THE MINISTRY OF DEFENCE". PT Pindad. http://pindad.com/news800.php?bahasa=2&varkdnews=N10015. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  13. ^ "KSAD Pamer Panser Buatan Pindad" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Radar Tarakan Online. 2008-10-10. http://www.radartarakan.com/berita/index.asp?Berita=NASIONAL&id=141022. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  14. ^ "Panser Amfibi Beroda Ban dari BPPT" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Sinar Harapan. 2008-10-29. http://www.sinarharapan.co.id/berita/0701/29/ipt03.html. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  15. ^ "BPPT-Pindad Berencana Kembangkan Tank Untuk Kebutuhan Tni" (in Bahasa Indonesia). http://www.dephan.go.id/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=7468. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  16. ^ "Panser Terbaru Pindad Bersenjata Kanon" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Angkasa. 2008-11-19. http://www.angkasa-online.com/read/news/782/panser.terbaru.pindad.bersenjata.kanon. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
  17. ^ "Pindad Rancang Panser Canon" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Tempo Interactive. 2008-08-29. http://www.tempointeraktif.com/hg/nasional/2008/08/29/brk,20080829-132920,id.html. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  18. ^ "Pindad Siap Realisasikan Panser Pesanan Dephan" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Sinar Harapan. 2008-06-20. http://www.sinarharapan.co.id/berita/0806/20/nas08.html. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  19. ^ "Pindad Serahkan Panser di Hari Jadi TNI" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Media Indonesia. 2008-08-29. http://www.mediaindonesia.com/index.php?ar_id=MjY2Mzk=. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  20. ^ "Dephan Tak Ada Kenaikan Kontrak Pembelian Panser" (in Bahasa Indonesia). http://www.dephan.go.id/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=8458. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
  21. ^ "Foto Anoa di Libanon" (in Bahasa Indonesia). http://us.foto.detik.com/readfoto/2010/04/28/112005/1346895/464/4/. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
  22. ^ "Pindad Kebanjiran Pesanan Panser" (in Bahasa Indonesia). http://www.kontan.co.id/index.php/bisnis/news/24172/Pindad-Kebanjiran-Pesanan-Panser. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  23. ^ "Indonesian-made armoured vehicles for Malaysia's UN mission in Lebanon". Malay Mail. 2010-03-22. http://www.mmail.com.my/content/30948-indonesianmade-armoured-vehicles-malaysias-un-mission-lebanon. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
  24. ^ "Bangladesh Delegation Interested in Ss2 and Panzer Products of Pt. Pindad". PT Pindad. 2007-08-29. http://www.pindad.com/news800.php?bahasa=2&varkdnews=N00007. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  25. ^ "Pindad Pertimbangkan Pesanan Panser Dari Nepal" (in Bahasa Indonesia). Departemen Komunikasi Dan Informatika. 2009-02-27. http://www.depkominfo.go.id/2009/02/27/pindad-pertimbangkan-pesanan-panser-dari-nepal/. Retrieved 2009-05-29.

[edit] External links

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